Many of you would have seen terminologies – HS Code, HTS Code, Schedule B Number across trade documentation and correspondences..
What does this HS Code mean, who uses it and what is it used for..??
HS Code refers to Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System also referred to as “Harmonized System” or simply “HS”, a multipurpose international product nomenclature developed by the World Customs Organization (WCO)..
Basically, it is a common standard worldwide for classifying the type of commodity.. Every commodity that enters or crosses most international borders has to be declared to customs by means of an HS code.. This helps in standardizing the commodity codes worldwide..
The system is used by more than 200 countries and economies as a basis for their Customs tariffs and for the collection of international trade statistics.. Over 98 % of the merchandise in international trade is classified in terms of the HS..
The HS contributes to the harmonization of Customs and trade procedures, and the non-documentary trade data interchange in connection with such procedures, thus reducing the costs related to international trade..
How to read the HS/HTS Code and Schedule B Number
The more than 5,000 commodity groups are identified by a 6-digit HS Code, arranged in a legal and logical structure supported by well-defined rules to achieve uniform classification..
While the HS by WCO assigns specific 6-digit codes for varying classifications and commodities, countries are allowed to add longer codes to the first 6 digits for further classification for their internal purposes..
For example, the United States apart from terming the HS codes as HTS codes – (Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States), also use a 10-digit code to classify their products for export, known as a Schedule B number..
A Schedule B number is made up of the first 6 digits of the standard HS code and the balance 4 digits are additional digits for the commodity..
The HS Code follows a structure that is pretty simple to use/understand as below
- 69 = Chapter 69 under Section 13 which covers Ceramic products
- 6904 = Heading which covers Ceramic building bricks, flooring blocks, support or filler tiles and the like
- 6904.10 = Sub Heading specifically referring to Ceramic Building Bricks specifically
- 6904.10.0090 = Additional code used in US exports where 0090 refers to “hollow bricks“
The last 4 digits could change depending on the type within the Chapter/Heading and Sub Heading of the commodity..
For example, 6904.10.0015 refers to “Solid Bricks“..
HS Nomenclature 2022
The HS2022 which came into force on the 1st of January 2022 is the seventh edition of the Harmonized System (HS) nomenclature accepted by all Contracting Parties to the Harmonized System Convention..
The HS2022 edition has made some major changes to the Harmonized System with a total of 351 sets of amendments covering a wide range of goods moving across borders..
Below is the listing of all the relevant sections of the HS Code as of 2022 and the list of commodities under each Section..
|2||Meat and edible meat offal.||0102-2022E|
|3||Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates.||0103-2022E|
|4||Dairy produce; birds’ eggs; natural honey; edible products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.||0104-2022E|
|5||Products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included.||0105-2022E|
|6||Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and the like; cut flowers and ornamental foliage.||0206-2022E|
|7||Edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers.||0207-2022E|
|8||Edible fruit and nuts; peel of citrus fruit or melons.||0208-2022E|
|9||Coffee, tea, maté and spices.||0209-2022E|
|11||Products of the milling industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten.||0211-2022E|
|12||Oil seeds and oleaginous fruits; miscellaneous grains, seeds and fruit; industrial or medicinal plants; straw and fodder.||0212-2022E|
|13||Lac; gums, resins and other vegetable saps and extracts.||0213-2022E|
|14||Vegetable plaiting materials; vegetable products not elsewhere specified or included.||0214-2022E|
|15||Animal, vegetable or microbial fats and oils and their cleavage products; prepared edible fats; animal or vegetable waxes.||0315-02022E|
|16||Preparations of meat, of fish, of crustaceans, molluscs or other aquatic invertebrates, or of insects.||0416-2022E|
|17||Sugars and sugar confectionery.||0417-2022E|
|18||Cocoa and cocoa preparations.||0418-2022E|
|19||Preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk; pastrycooks’ products.||0419-2022E|
|20||Preparations of vegetables, fruit, nuts or other parts of plants.||0420-2022E|
|21||Miscellaneous edible preparations.||0421-2022E|
|22||Beverages, spirits and vinegar.||0422-2022E|
|23||Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal fodder.||0423-2022E|
|24||Tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes; products, whether or not containing nicotine, intended for inhalation without combustion; other nicotine containing products intended for the intake of nicotine into the human body.||0424-2022E|
|28||Inorganic chemicals; organic or inorganic compounds of precious metals, of rare-earth metals, of radioactive elements or of isotopes.||0628-2022E|
|32||Tanning or dyeing extracts; tannins and their derivatives; dyes, pigments and other colouring matter; paints and varnishes; putty and other mastics; inks.||0632-2022E|
|33||Essential oils and resinoids; perfumery, cosmetic or toilet preparations.||0633-2022E|
|34||Soap, organic surface-active agents, washing preparations, lubricating preparations, artificial waxes, prepared waxes, polishing or scouring preparations, candles and similar articles, modelling pastes, dental waxes and dental preparations with a basis of plaster.||0634-2022E|
|35||Albuminoidal substances; modified starches; glues; enzymes.||0635-2022E|
|36||Explosives; pyrotechnic products; matches; pyrophoric alloys; certain combustible preparations.||0636-2022E|
|37||Photographic or cinematographic goods.||0637-2022E|
|38||Miscellaneous chemical products.||0638-2022E|
|47||Pulp of wood or of other fibrous cellulosic material; recovered (waste and scrap) paper or paperboard.||0847-2022E|
|48||Paper and paperboard; articles of paper pulp, of paper or of paperboard.||0848-2022E|
|49||Printed books, newspapers, pictures and other products of the printing industry; manuscripts, typescripts and plans.||0849-2022E|
|51||Wool, fine or coarse animal hair; horsehair yarn and woven fabric.||1151-2022E|
|53||Other vegetable textile fibres; paper yarn and woven fabrics of paper yarn.||1153-2022E|
|54||Man-made filaments; strip and the like of man-made textile materials.||1154-2022E|
|55||Man-made staple fibres.||1155-2022E|
|56||Wadding, felt and nonwovens; special yarns; twine, cordage, ropes and cables and articles thereof.||1156-2022E|
|57||Carpets and other textile floor coverings.||1157-2022E|
|58||Special woven fabrics; tufted textile fabrics; lace; tapestries; trimmings; embroidery.||1158-2022E|
|59||Impregnated, coated, covered or laminated textile fabrics; textile articles of a kind suitable for industrial use.||1159-2022E|
|60||Knitted or crocheted fabrics.||1160-2022E|
|61||Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted.||1161-2022E|
|62||Articles of apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted.||1162-2022E|
|63||Other made up textile articles; sets; worn clothing and worn textile articles; rags.||1163-2022E|
|64||Footwear, gaiters and the like; parts of such articles.||1264-2022E|
|65||Headgear and parts thereof.||1265-2022E|
|66||Umbrellas, sun umbrellas, walking-sticks, seat-sticks, whips, riding-crops and parts thereof.||1266-2022E|
|67||Prepared feathers and down and articles made of feathers or of down; artificial flowers; articles of human hair.||1267-2022E|
|71||Natural or cultured pearls, precious or semi-precious stones, precious metals, metals clad with precious metal and articles thereof; imitation jewellery; coin.||1471-2022E|
|72||Iron and steel.||1572-2022E|
|73||Articles of iron or steel.||1573-2022E|
|74||Copper and articles thereof.||1574-2022E|
|75||Nickel and articles thereof.||1575-2022E|
|76||Aluminium and articles thereof.||1576-2022E|
|77||(Reserved for possible future use in the Harmonized System)||1577-2022E|
|78||Lead and articles thereof.||1578-2022E|
|79||Zinc and articles thereof.||1579-2022E|
|80||Tin and articles thereof.||1580-2022E|
|81||Other base metals; cermets; articles thereof.||1581-2022E|
|82||Tools, implements, cutlery, spoons and forks, of base metal; parts thereof of base metal.||1582-2022E|
|83||Miscellaneous articles of base metal.||1583-2022E|
|86||Railway or tramway locomotives, rolling-stock and parts thereof; railway or tramway track fixtures and fittings and parts thereof; mechanical (including electro-mechanical) traffic signalling equipment of all kinds.||1786-2022E|
|87||Vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling-stock, and parts and accessories thereof.||1787-2022E|
|88||Aircraft, spacecraft, and parts thereof.||1788-2022E|
|89||Ships, boats and floating structures.||1789-2022E|
|93||Arms and ammunition; parts and accessories thereof.||1993-2022E|
|94||Furniture; bedding, mattresses, mattress supports, cushions and similar stuffed furnishings; luminaires and lighting fittings, not elsewhere specified or included; illuminated signs, illuminated name-plates and the like; prefabricated buildings.||2094-2022E|
|95||Toys, games and sports requisites; parts and accessories thereof.||2095-2022E|
|96||Miscellaneous manufactured articles.||2096-2022E|
|97||Works of art, collectors’ pieces and antiques.||2197-2022E|
Please ensure that you follow the correct tariff classifications and avoid incorrect declarations, customs penalties and avoidable costs such as Demurrage, Detention, and Storage..
Article reposted after some critical updates