What is a Certificate of Origin..??

Certificate of Origin Shipping and Freight Resource

If you are in the business of international trade you would have no doubt heard about a Certificate of Origin.. But not everyone is familiar with what is a certificate of origin, why it is required, who issues it etc.. This article aims to clarify these points..

A Trade agreement is a contractual arrangement between countries concerning their trade relationships and how they conduct trade with each other..

Customs department in the importing country may require a “proof of origin” in order to determine whether or not the cargo that is imported may be subjected to trade measures such as the preferential duty tariff (for stuff that is imported from with the PTA bloc), free trade deals, prohibited goods etc..

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Synopsis of the webinar on the future of global supply chains

synopsis of the webinar on the future of global supply chains - shipping and freight resource

The latest WTO statistics say that world trade is expected to fall by between 13% and 32% in 2020 as the COVID 19 pandemic disrupts normal economic activity and life around the world. A resilient supply chain is essential to ensure a strong global trade.

Our survey on the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the supply chain industry revealed how vulnerable the industry was with the results showing that 35% of the market was totally unprepared for it and 59% of the market was severely impacted by it.

Based on these results, on the 4th of June 2020, we organised a Webinar sponsored by Ocean Insights on how the future of global supply chains would look.

This webinar, hosted by Eric Johnson, Senior Technology Editor of the JOC featured Steve Kranig of IM-EX Global, Inc., Pritam Banerjee of Asian Development Bank and Robin Jaacks of Ocean Insights as panelists.

For those of who missed out on this insightful and informative webinar, here is a synopsis of what was discussed.

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Want to learn how to use Incoterms® 2020 effectively..?? Then read this..

Webinar

For the past 84 years, Incoterms® has been the cornerstone of global commercial trade, for robust trade negotiations directly or indirectly between parties and the rules have become the standard in international business rules.. BUT, THERE IS A BIG PROBLEM..

As per Emily O’Connor, Director of Trade and Investment for the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC), “people will frequently choose the wrong Incoterms® rule for their transaction”..

O’Connor has emphasised the importance for anyone who uses the Incoterms® rules to learn or re-learn them – even if you consider yourself an expert – in order to avoid costly mistakes in the process of shipping their goods..

There are several consequences of using the incorrect Incoterms® and users need to fully comprehend what it means when they put a three-letter Incoterms® rule into their sales contract..

But no worries, credible and reliable guidance is at hand for you now..

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What is a letter of credit, how it works and who needs it..

sales contract and trade

Many of you would have come across the term Letter of Credit (L/C)..

If you are a shipping line, you would have heard this term from various customers asking you to expedite the draft bill of lading for checking by the bank or for the release of the bill of lading to be expedited because the shipment is under L/C..

If you a freight forwarder or agent, you may have been put under pressure by the BCO to get all the documents required by the L/C sent to them in time..

If you are a BCO, you may have been told by your bank that the documents submitted do not match the requirements of the L/C and some of the documentation may need to be redone..

So what exactly is a Letter of Credit, what is the need for a letter of credit, who issues it and how does it work..

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The beginning of the end for the Paper Bill of Lading

My Opinion

Many things have changed in the last 30 years in shipping and freight..

Many positive new developments have taken place with things from the vintage days of shipping either obsolete to almost obsolete now..

If you look at many of the news items about the industry recently, there has been a certain buzz and intensity around the electronic bill of lading..

I am fairly confident that people entering the shipping and freight industry in the next decade will be told that 2020 was the year that saw the beginning of the end for the paper “Bill of Lading” and the year in which the switch to “Electronic Bill of Lading” (eBL) began in earnest..

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FAK it.. A deep dive into FAK rates and how it works..

FAK Cargo - Rates - Shipping and Freight Resource

The process of global trade is simple to look at, especially if you look at it from the outside..

  • There is a buyer who needs a product ;
  • There is a seller who sells this product ;
  • They discuss and agree on a price ;
  • The buyer pays the agreed price ;
  • The seller arranges for the product to be transported to the buyer

End of trade..

Simple, right..?? Many would wish it was so..

While there are several processes and documentary flows involved in trade negotiations, there are even further processes involved in the actual movement of the goods from Point A to Point B..

One such process in the movement of goods that influences product pricing is the process of freight negotiation and freight quotation in which there are several types..

Let us take a deep dive into FAK rates and how it works..

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Understanding a freight quotation and tips to ensure an accurate quote

freight quotation

If you are in the business of trade and shipping, you would have surely heard of/dealt with freight quotations along the way..

A freight quotation is a document that outlines the charges involved in the movement of cargo from Point A to Point B..

Many customers have lost $$$ on their transactions because of unclear, incomplete or incorrect freight quotations or they do not understand what a freight quotation entails and what it covers..

Here are some tips on how to understand a freight quotation and how to ensure that you get an accurate one..

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How sanctions affect shipping companies and trade

News - Shipping and Freight Resource

The dictionary defines Sanctions as “Sanctions are measures taken by countries to restrict trade and official contact with a country that has broken international law.“.

Whether economic or political in nature, Sanctions have a real impact on the economy and can affect the interests of those engaged in businesses including international shipping.

The US and EU imposed sanctions on Russia due to the latter’s aggression against Ukraine.

Here is a look at the impact of these sanctions on the interests of shipping companies.

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10 tips to avoid losses due to abandoned cargo

abandoned container

In any normal year, hundreds of thousands of containers filled with cargo are abandoned all over the world.

While abandoned cargo could be quite stressful and considered to be a big headache for everyone concerned, a freight forwarder may be especially affected by cargo abandonment.

Here are 10 tips to help you avoid losses due to abandoned cargo..

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Risks and Liabilities of a Freight Forwarder

risks and liabilities of a freight forwarder - shipping and freight resources 500th article

Freight forwarders are an integral part of the supply chain and global maritime trade..

A freight forwarder serves as a conduit for global trade between importers, exporters, BCOs (Beneficial Cargo Owners) and the transportation and regulatory entities such as shipping lines, customs, port etc..

The moment a freight forwarder signs/accepts a contract with the customer, they are exposed to several unique risks and liabilities..

This article discusses the risks and liabilities of a freight forwarder..

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