Liability of a fraudulent freight forwarder – a live case study

Shipper vs Agent - Case Study

Even as the world of shipping and trade continues to battle with exceptionally high freight rates, cargo rollovers, container and space shortages, fraudulent freight forwarders and their scams seems to be raging on..

Below is a live case study from the USA which I received from a reader, which I am opening up to my readers to comment on..

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Help, shipping line won’t pre-date or back date my bill of lading

back dating bill of lading

Pre-Dating or Back Dating is when the shipper requests the shipping line to show the Shipped on Board date on the bill of lading as a date before the actual sailing of the vessel (example : the vessel actually sails on the 2nd of March but shipper wants the line to show the shipped on board date on the bill of lading as 28th of February)..

Why would a shipper want his bill of lading to be pre-dated or back dated and why would a shipping line reject this request..??

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ERP Software and its utilisation in the Ports & Shipping Industry

#shippingquestions

Dear readers, as you all know, Shipping and Freight Resource is a niche educational resource created, developed and maintained for the purpose of learning and for the sharing of information related to Shipping, Freight, Maritime, Logistics and Trade..

Apart from providing quality content and news relating to shipping and freight industry, this site is also about assisting those in need within the industry with their queries, questions and doubts..

I received a request from a Masters student asking for some general assistance to answer two industry related questions..

Your assistance will be appreciated..

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Pre-Carriage, Carriage and On-Carriage explained

This article explains and clarifies the difference between Pre-Carriage, Carriage and On-Carriage and how these come together to provide the full spectrum of services to the customer..

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How do I know the bill of lading issued is a House Bill or Master Bill..??

shipping and freight question

“How do I know the bill of lading issued is a House Bill of Lading or a Master Bill of Lading..?? Is it mentioned anywhere on the bill of lading that it is a House Bill or a Master Bill”

I really love such basic but curious questions because it rejuvenates the gray matter.. Let’s explore this question..

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What is GRI (General Rate Increase) in shipping and what is its implication..??

What is General Rate Increase

General Rate Increase (GRI) – a term liked by the shipping lines and loathed by the trading community.. This article explains what GRI means to people on either side of the fence and how it affects the trade..

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Shipping your first container..?? Here are some tips to help you

first time

In anything that we do in life, the first time is a scary thought – first time on a bike, first time driving a car, first time swimming, first date, first kiss ……………….. etc..

So why should shipping your first container be any different..??

It could be a scary thought if you are a first-time exporter or importing for the first time, but like everything else, if done and handled correctly, shipping your first container can be a good experience as well..

Here are some tips to assist you in shipping your first container..

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How do I verify if my goods were actually shipped..??

frequently asked questions

Over the years, I have received several questions from readers relating to a variety of topics on this resource..

Some of them are really valid questions especially if you consider that some of these questions may be from someone importing for the first time or someone exporting for the first time..

It makes you think of the issues that those entering international trade for the first time or shipping their first container would be facing in getting it completed successfully..

The business of shipping, freight and trade could all be a bit overwhelming as there are several processes to be followed and for those who are doing it for the first time, asking questions and finding the right answers is extremely important..

Here are some questions which I received from one of the readers of this resource, possibly, someone who is starting out new or someone experiencing some new problems with their shipments..

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If a bill of lading is an evidence of contract of carriage, then what is a contract of carriage..??

types of bill of lading - shipping and freight resource

A Bill of Lading is one of the most important documents in the shipping cycle and comes in different forms such as Negotiable or Order Bill of Lading, Seaway Bill of Lading or Express Bill of Lading and Straight Bill of Lading with further permutations and combinations such as Port to Port Bill of Lading, Combined Transport Bill of Lading or Multimodal Bill of Lading and Through Bill of Lading ..

As most of you may know by now, a Bill of Lading has 3 basic purposes or roles..

  1. Evidence of Contract of Carriage;
  2. Receipt of Goods; and
  3. Document of Title to the goods

In its role as Evidence of Contract of Carriage, the emphasis is on the term “Evidence” because contrary to popular belief, a Bill of Lading is neither

  1. a contract between the Seller and the Buyer nor
  2. a contract of carriage between the Carrier and Shipper

So if the bill of lading is the evidence of the contract of carriage, then what is the contract of carriage..??

This is the question in the minds of many in the industry and I will try to shed some light on this issue here..

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Should ship Captains be personally responsible for the safety of cargo on board..??

what is your opinion

The Master of the APL England was charged for offences relating to pollution and/or damage of the Australian marine environment as a result of poor cargo loading but has been allowed return home on certain bail conditions while the ship is still detained in Brisbane..

A look at some of the comments from some Captains, seafarers and industry experts on whether ship Captains be personally responsible for the safety of cargo on board..??

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Does ICC (A) clauses cover cargo claims for delays due to COVID-19..??

ICC (A) cargo claims COVID-19

As we have all seen, COVID-19 is causing severe imbalances in world trade which is affecting everyone, whether it is an exporter, importer, shipping line, shipowner, freight forwarder, trucker, or a spaza shop around the corner..

While ships are moving, ports are discharging and loading containers, nothing is as yet at a 100% capacity in most of the countries around the world..

Ships are facing port congestion resulting in blank sailings, containers are stuck in storage at ports, terminals, and depots around the world for later deliveries creating longer delays than anticipated and also causing yard space congestion..

In view of the delays experienced by the trade, we look at the question – Does ICC (A) cover cargo claims due to COVID-19 delays..??

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