As has been covered across various articles on this site, the process of hazardous cargo approval, acceptance and shipment is quite complex and ALL stakeholders involved in the shipment of this highly specialised cargo must be fully aware of the requirements..
This cannot be repeated enough..
From pre-shipment approval, approval of shipment, movement to port of load, loading on board, precautions while at sea, discharge at destination, movement to place of delivery, every process required to be followed by the IMDG Code must be followed at all times..
Seemingly there are several cases of non-compliance and non-adherence in this regard, based on which, Transnet, the State Owned Enterprise in South Africa responsible for all port operations, has amended its Handling and Transport of Dangerous Cargoes National Procedures as below..
In a statement from the office of the Harbour Master of Durban, Transnet National Ports Authority (TNPA) has outlined procedures for the movement of hazardous cargoes within the port areas and the classing of dangerous goods for stay within the port area..
Hazardous cargoes that must exit the terminal without delay (direct to rail/road truck from ship or direct to ship from rail/road truck).
|Class 1||Explosives: allowed at Pier1&2 only|
|All class 1 cargoes and Ammonium Nitrate must be treated as explosives. All explosives must have SAPS permit.|
|Class 2.1||Flammable Gases: Only declaration required|
|Class 2.3||Toxic Gases|
|Class 4.1||Flammable Solids: UN 1944 Safety Matches Only endorse for direct delivery|
|Class 4.2||Substance liable to spontaneous combustion. Only declaration required|
|Class 5.1||Oxidizing Agents:|
|UN 1748 CALCIUM HYPOCLORITE no police permit|
|UN1448 Barium permanganate|
|UN1485 Potassium chlorate no police permit|
|UN1495 Sodium chlorate|
|UN1513 Zinc chlorate|
|UN1942 Ammonium nitrate|
|UN2067 Ammonium nitrate fertilizers|
|UN 2880 Calcium hypochlorite No police permit|
|Class 5.2||Organic Peroxides|
|Class 6.2||Infectious substances:|
|Generally not allowed, special permission must be obtained from the Harbour Master and Department of Health|
|Class 7||Radioactive Material:|
|Only allowed at terminals licenced by the National Nuclear Regulator (NNR)|
Hazardous cargoes that must be landed and removed from the port within 48 hrs
|Class 3||Flammable liquids.|
|Class 4||Flammable Solids: Packaging Group I|
|Class 6||Toxic Substances: Packaging Group I|
|Class 8||Corrosive Substances: Packaging Group I|
The statement advised that at the Port of Durban movement of Explosive cargo bound for a destination outside KwaZulu Natal must leave the Port via rail only..
Transnet National Ports Authority requires below documentation 14 days prior to the arrival of the ship at the port when it is carrying these hazardous cargoes
- Police permit (class 1)
- TNPA explosive permit (class 1 & 5.1 UN NO. as above)
- TNPA radioactive material permit (class 7)
- TNPA declaration
- SAMSA inspection report (class 1)
- Packing declaration
- Multimodal dangerous goods
- Class 1 UN 0012 & Class 1.4 are allowed to be road hauled in KwaZulu Natal (KZN) only
- The ship will not be berthed if the required number of trucks is not available.
- The truck registration number must be given to TPT and Transnet National Ports Authority before the ship arrives and they must be a complement of the number of hazardous containers to be collected
- Class 9 – UN 2212 and 2590 requires registration forms from the department of environmental affairs to be transported by road to and from the terminal.
- All documents must be submitted via IPMS
- At the port of Durban movement of explosive must be via railway when bound for outside KZN.
Hazardous cargo in Maydon Wharf
The only IMDG cargo permitted to move in Maydon wharf is Ammonium Nitrate and is for discharge only via rail and maximum tonnage is 5000 metric tons. This may only take place at Maydon wharf 15.
No IMDG cargo is permitted to be handled in Maydon wharf. In terms of low flash cargo on tankers they may only transit Maydon wharf channel during daylight hours.
If a tanker is carrying low flash cargo the fire watch must be in place prior to arrival and until departure of the tanker.
The application for ammonium nitrate must be done 72 hours prior to arrival of the vessel and must contain confirmation from TFR that wagons will be placed prior to the vessels arrival at the berth.
No class1 cargo is permitted in Maydon wharf.
Should a vessel have class 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9 on board while working cargo in Maydon wharf, the vessel has to ensure a fire watch is in place while on berth. Ammonium nitrate that requires a police permit may not transit Maydon wharf.
Kindly note no hot work will be permitted should any of this cargo be on board.