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Trans Pacific spot rates trend lower while high transit times remain a concern

Trans Pacific container spot rates between Chinese ports and the US West Coast and East Coast have been fluctuating substantially since April 2021. 

2021 has seen historically high spot rates as the ripple effect of the COVID disruption, increased demand and blank sailings continued to wreak havoc on the supply chain. Shippers struggled to book freight as the demand was considerably higher than the carrier and port capacity” said Shabsie Levy, CEO and Founder of Shifl. 

New data from Shifl shows that spot freight rates for a 40 HC container moving from Chinese base ports to Los Angeles have fallen, while spot rates to the port of New York also shows a drop for the same period. 

trans pacific rates - shipping and freight resource

trans pacific rates - shipping and freight resource

While rates have been extremely volatile, the prices have started to cool down in the runup to and following Chinese New Year as we head into the traditionally low peak season, vessels returning from LA/Long Beach and customers reporting lower demand in sales” added Levy.

 

High transit times remain a concern

The transit time from Chinese ports to the West Coast on the Trans Pacific route however remains spectacularly high, continuing where it left off in 2021. While transit times rose to 52 days in the last week of December 2021, it has come down slightly to 44 days — still a far cry from the 16 days of transit that was the norm pre-pandemic. 

The lengthening of transit time is predominantly due to delays at berthing, possible delays at some of the way ports and slow steaming, a situation that has deteriorated over the last few weeks as a result of the ripple effects of the continued delays over the year. We hope to see a drop in the transit time once the demand slows down over the low season. 

 

transit time trans pacific - shipping and freight resource

 

These delays are evident from the Trans Pacific vessels that are waiting close to the shore of LA and Long Beach, and also slow steaming to San Pedro Bay. The number of ships awaiting berthing as of today stood at 92 for San Pedro Bay. 

Meanwhile, transit times between Chinese ports and New York have remained steady, albeit longer than the pre-pandemic norm of 27 days. Transit time stood at 38 days in the first half of January 2022 — largely unchanged since mid 2021.

Also, as transit times to the East Coast remain lower than to the West Coast from China over the last two months, it would make sense for shippers to continue rerouting volumes from the West Coast to the East Coast, if they consider transit times to be a critical metric. 

 

Gate out times are improving across both the coasts

The gate out times across both the West Coast and the East Coast show encouraging progress. Gate out time has dropped from 7 and 5 days in late December 2021 across the West Coast and the East Coast, respectively, to an average of 5 and 4 days currently. 

That said, gate out times had been showing progress right from early December 2021, only ticking higher during the last week of December 2021. Delays are commonplace that week, as both longshoremen and truckers take days off, ballooning gate out times.

 

gate out LA/NY - shipping and freight resource

 

Shrinking gate out times directly corresponds to containers moving out of the port premises quicker, which helps restore balance into landside operations. Gate out times are also a forward indicator of vessel transit times, as quicker gate out times inevitably lead to terminals unloading vessels faster. This reduces time at anchor for vessels, and consequently, their transit times. 

 

About Shifl: Shifl is leading the supply chain industry into the future with technology and innovation that brings a huge array of real-life benefits to its users. If you are a shipper or industry service provider looking to bring your business into today’s digital age, be more in control, and pay less overall — Shifl is for you. Shifl is headquartered in New York and maintains a presence in China, India, Vietnam, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Georgia, Dominican Republic and The Philippines. To learn more, visit https://shifl.com or https://shifl.capital

 

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2 COMMENTS

  1. Lowering spot prices, sounds good 👍 while transit delays poses bitter than ever experiences!
    Now, eagerly await to see transit and freight getting back to normal. Can anyone guess how soon??

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