The meaning of Declare (verb) is to make known or state clearly, especially in explicit or formal terms; to announce officially; proclaim; to state emphatically; to manifest; reveal; show; When none of the above happens, it is termed as “to misdeclare” or “misdeclaration“.. … Read more here..
In the IMDG Code, many actions are listed but the responsibility to carry out that action may not be specifically assigned to any particular person.
The IMDG Code does however assign responsibilities to named persons or entities in certain cases, such as;
- Shipper: for classification, assigning proper shipping name, packaging, marking, labelling, placarding, dangerous goods declaration
- Packer: for packing of CTU and related responsibilities.
- Master: of the vessel- responsibilities under SOLAS Chapter VII Part A & MARPOL Annex III
- Competent Authorities: for granting exemptions and approvals
No one knows what is inside the box; everyone depends on the dangerous goods declaration.
Latest update on the situation of the ONE Apus which encountered heavy weather on the way from China to Los Angeles resulting in the collapse of 1,816 containers on board and over board..
This update provides information about the hazardous contents that was on the ship when the collapse happened..
The year 2020 has been disastrous to many in so many many ways with the whole world in a crazy tizz due to the COVID-19 pandemic.. The pandemic aside, even as we hit the last month of the year, 2020 looks like it is still not done with maritime disasters..
In the latest edition of maritime disasters, the ONE APUS a 14,052 TEU containership built in 2019 and operating on Ocean Network Express’s (ONE) Far East Pacific 2 (FP2) Service suffered multiple stack collapse on board due to severe weather conditions while the vessel was enroute from Yantian in China to Long Beach in USA..
As has been covered across various articles on this site, the process of hazardous cargo approval, acceptance and shipment is quite complex and ALL stakeholders involved in the shipment of this highly specialised cargo must be fully aware of the requirements..
This cannot be repeated enough..
From pre-shipment approval, approval of shipment, movement to port of load, loading on board, precautions while at sea, discharge at destination, movement to place of delivery, every process required to be followed by the IMDG Code must be followed at all times..
Seemingly there are several cases of non-compliance and non-adherence in this regard, based on which, Transnet, the State Owned Enterprise in South Africa responsible for all port operations has amended its Handling and Transport of Dangerous Cargoes National Procedures..
Undeclared or misdeclared hazardous goods (Dangerous Goods) have been the bane of many vessel operators and shipping lines since the start of carriage of hazardous goods on ships..
The incidents created due to this issue has been increasing over the years with 9 major maritime disasters recorded in 2019 alone and as per TT Club, a containership is involved in a major fire every 60 days..
As per a statement issued by the Office of the Chief Harbour Master, Transnet National Ports Authority has identified the following risks and challenges that have emerged in the past years which requires immediate attention..
On the 4th of August 2020, a devastating explosion ripped through the port of Beirut killing more than 135 people and injuring at least 4,000+..
As per news reports, the explosion is said to have originated from a storage facility which was storing about 2,750 tons of Ammonium Nitrate (NH4NO3)..
This article highlights the characteristics of Ammonium Nitrate and the disasters that this chemical has caused over the last 100 years..
On the 6th of March 2018, Maersk Honam, one of Maersk’s ultra-large containerships caught fire in the Arabian Sea while en-route from Singapore to Egypt..
The Singapore registered container ship which was carrying 7860 containers encountered a severe fire that started from no.3 cargo hold about 900 nautical miles west of the coast of India..
Five crew members eventually perished in this incident which was one of several containership disasters that have happened in recent history..
The Transport Safety Investigation Bureau of Singapore (TSIB) conducted the investigation into the fire on board the Maersk Honam and here is what they found..
“A day in the life of…..” is a series of posts which covers activities that happens in a typical day in the life of one of the many on shore and off shore personnel in the shipping and freight industry..
In this post, we look at the typical workflow and how “A day in the life of a DG Approver (DG Desk)” progresses..
Five international freight transport and cargo handling organisations are collaborating on the production of new guidance on packing standards for freight containers and other cargo transport units. The Container Owners … Read more here..
The safe carriage of Dangerous Goods requires several considerations, processes of approval, acceptance, carriage protocols and documentation..
For the shipping line/carriers, while containerisation brought along ease of handling cargo, it also brought about the headache of not knowing WHAT IS INSIDE THE CONTAINER..
Carriers have no way of knowing what is inside the container and depend on the STC and SLAC information provided by the shipper..
For dangerous goods, this cargo information is provided to the carrier in the form of the Dangerous Goods Declaration..
Cargo misdeclaration is nothing new to shipping and has been continuing for years especially in containerised shipments for various reasons..
Apart from the loss of millions of dollars worth of goods and assets, such misdeclarations also result in maritime disasters which have a huge impact on the environment and the loss of life (human or otherwise)..
There are enough examples of the consequences due to misdeclarations both in misdeclaration in weight and/or misdeclaration of hazardous content..
To tackle the scourge of weight misdeclaration, IMO and other stakeholders imposed the requirement of SOLAS VGM which came into effect in July 2016..
While life after SOLAS VGM seems to be hunky-dory and no major incidents have directly attributed to weight misdeclarations, hazardous cargo misdeclaration still seems to be rampant and several shipping lines are “gatvol” of these misdeclarations and have imposed severe financial penalties on the defaulters..
ZIM recently developed and implemented an innovative AI-based screening software to detect and identify incidents of misdeclared hazardous cargo before loading to vessel..
In the past few years, we have seen a large number of maritime disasters such as catastrophic fires onboard ships mostly due to misdeclared and undeclared dangerous goods.
Some of the vessels which had major fires in the year 2019 are Yantian Express, APL Vancouver, E.R. Kobe, Grande America, KMTC Hong Kong, APL Le Havre.
Most of the cases involving leakage, fires, cargo damage is linked to undeclared, misdeclared or poorly packed containers.
Digitisation, Digitalisation, Digital Transformation are some buzz words that have recently taken the shipping and freight industry by storm..
Let’s take a quick look at what these terms mean and what it is all about..
While Digitalisation is inevitable in the industry, there are also some pitfalls and you can read about the pitfalls and how to avoid it here..
Gatvol (ˈxʌtˌfɒl) is a commonly used South African term meaning “fed up” or “I have had it up to here”.. This is seems to be the mood in the Hapag Lloyd camp as they recently announced hefty fines for misdeclaration of dangerous goods..