Wednesday, November 30, 2022

Blockchain

With two more major shipping leaders actively sharing information, data on nearly half of the world’s ocean container cargo is now available on a single blockchain-based data platform..

Major global container carriers MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC) and CMA CGM announced on the 15th of October 2020 that they are now integrated onto TradeLens (www.tradelens.com), helping ensure a more fully integrated, timely and consistent view of logistics data for their containerized freight around the world.
Standard Chartered announced the successful completion of the first cross-bank Letter of Credit (LC) transaction between Vietnam and Thailand conducted over blockchain, in partnership with Asian Development Bank (ADB), Bank for Investment and Development of Vietnam and Standard Chartered Bank (Thai).

What is a Certificate of Origin..??

If you are in the business of international trade you would have no doubt heard about a Certificate of Origin.. But not everyone is familiar with what is a certificate of origin, why it is required, who issues it etc.. This article aims to clarify these points..

A Trade agreement is a contractual arrangement between countries concerning their trade relationships and how they conduct trade with each other..

Customs department in the importing country may require a “proof of origin” in order to determine whether or not the cargo that is imported may be subjected to trade measures such as the preferential duty tariff (for stuff that is imported from with the PTA bloc), free trade deals, prohibited goods etc..

CargoX public blockchain Bill of Lading gets approval by International Group of P&I Clubs

CargoX, the provider of the CargoX blockchain document transfer (BDT) platform, announced that they been granted prestigious approval by the International Group of P&I Clubs. The release says that CargoX It has become the first and only approved provider to use the neutral, public blockchain Ethereum network for its platform. The International Group of P&I Clubs (the IG) is an unincorporated association of the 13 principal underwriting Protection & Indemnity (P&I) Associations (Clubs) and their Affiliated Associations and Reinsured Entity. Between them, they provide liability cover (protection and indemnity) for approximately 90% of the world's ocean-going tonnage. Of the world’s top 25 reinsurers, 22 were featured on the group’s program in 2019.

How BlockChain is improving Supply Chain Management

A supply chain is defined as an end to end process involving a network of people, resources, activities, organizations, technology, information, etc. that provides a path to the movement and, the flow of goods and services from the supplier to the end-customer.

Now, this doesn't sound troublesome when it's carried out at a smaller level. But imagine, what it would be like for the companies and organizations having a business that is spread across multiple countries.

But blockchains can help in improving Supply Chain Management and here's how..

It’s not a zero-sum game: CargoX and RoadLaunch merge the worlds of public and private blockchains

CargoX, the public blockchain logistics document transaction platform which was built on a public blockchain, has been integrated into RoadLaunch, the private blockchain-based digital freight management platform.

This is the first publicly available integrated product in logistics of this kind, which merges the strengths of public and private blockchains in one solution to provide business users with the best of both worlds.

Electronic bill of lading – are you and your country ready for it..?? – Part 1

Global trade has been around for centuries in various forms, starting from the Silk roads to the current Digital economy/age and has come a long way bringing alongwith it many changes and advances..

After the 3rd Industrial Revolution brought the Internet into play, there has been no turning back for globalisation with global exports accounting for almost 25% of global GDP..

Digitalisation, which was very much in its infancy a few decades ago has become the new frontier of globalization.. Advances like Blockchain, IoT, Big Data, Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence have arrived in our industry as well and are here to stay, innovate and enhance global trade..

One of the digital advances that is catching on quite quick is an Electronic Bill of Lading..

Reconditioning customers to accept Green, Slow Shipping

Society's perception of environmentally and socially responsible shipping practices is far from the truth. When Amazon unveiled the promise of free two-day shipping for Prime members, customers were thrilled.

The processes were already in place to enable fast delivery, so what could be the harm in more people benefiting from even shorter delivery windows?

Amazon recognized how this service would impact on sales, and began offering free same-day shipping on millions of products starting in May 2019. It all looks like an Amazon Prime Member benefit.

That is the problem in its entirety.

Global NFC Blockchain shipment tracking solution 

Blockchain-based logistics firm ShipChain and GTX Corp (OTCQB: GTXO), a global tech leader offering a suite of GPS and NFC tracking location-based services, have announced a new partnership for a new global NFC blockchain shipment tracking solution.

Incoterms® 2020 release date announced

The Incoterms® rules were developed by the International Chamber of Commerce to facilitate international trade and for the interpretation of the trade terms that the parties to a contract of sale could agree to apply..

Incoterms® were first introduced in 1936 and were revised in 1957, 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 to accommodate changes as global trade developed and evolved..

Currently, in its 8th version (Incoterms® 2010), the Incoterms® rules have become an internationally recognized and accepted standard and are used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for the sale of goods and have become an essential part of the day-to-day international trade and domestic trade..

The ICC which is celebrating its centenary year recently announced the release date for the latest version of these rules which is the Incoterms® 2020..

TradeLens garners more support

From the time the collaboration between Maersk Line and IBM was announced in January 2018 and the creation of TradeLens in August 2018, the blockchain-enabled shipping solution designed to promote more efficient and secure global trade had many naysayers with predictions of the platform doomed to fail..

Because this platform was initiated and created by Maersk Line, the world's largest container shipping line, along with IBM there were concerns by other carriers about joining the platform as there was no equal footing for them..

Fast forward 11 months to 2nd July 2019, TradeLens seems to have overcome the initial jitters, fears and concerns and now has the support of Maersk Line, Zim Lines, PIL, CMA CGM, MSC, Hapag Lloyd and ONE..

How will Blockchain & AI work together to digitize freight..??

The nature of logistics and transportation requires extensive labor and a culture of trust. A typical freight shipment endures dozens of touch points in the freight's journey, and data entry or documentation capture is, unfortunately, an after-the-fact process.

In actuality, the priority of those in each touch point is usually the freight, not necessarily the data. Companies who have developed automated technologies to capture and track data still have the problem of data integrity.

Either the data cannot be verified by other supply chain partners, relying solely on what is present, or there is no mechanism to validate the data itself.

As the world of transport continues to increase in complexity, the merging of blockchain and artificial intelligence will be where technologies come together to digitize freight.

Blockchain based bills of lading making rapid progress

Another one bites the dust.. By this I mean another company that is moving away from Paper Bill of Lading.. 🙂

It is inevitable that influential shippers and shipping lines are embracing tech one after the other.. Whether it is India’s first blockchain enabled Letter of Credit transaction, the first smart bill of lading issued using blockchain or the first blockchain based coffee exchange, technological innovations are here to stay in the shipping and freight industry..

G2 Ocean and Manuchar became the latest partnership to show that paper Bill of Lading is ready for retirement..  Together, they completed a successful pilot trial of CargoX’s blockchain-based Smart Bill of Lading Solution..

Saudi Customs completes first blockchain based shipment

Blockchain seems to have become a prolific "enabler" of businesses, particularly in the shipping and freight and trade industry..

Whether in its use by Banks and Shippers to create Trade Finance documents; or creating and transmitting smart bills of lading; or setting up a blockchain-based marketplace app for trading in coffee; or making documentation easy for ports; or ensuring prompt delivery of mandarins for the Chinese New Year; Blockchain is making its presence felt quite rapidly in our industry..

Many shipping lines, ports, financial institutions and other private entities are using Blockchain and testing it in many different ways through many pilot projects..

Saudi Customs became the latest entity to successfully test drive its first shipment powered the blockchain technology..

Zim Line joins TradeLens

Many have heralded the prowess of Blockchain the “immutable” hero of technology in the shipping, freight and logistics space..

Blockchain has already been

Ports and port authorities have also got in on the Blockchain action with the port of Valencia joining the TradeLens project, the technological solution developed by IBM and Maersk to start applying blockchain technology in the global supply chain and the port of Marseille Fos piloting a blockchain based project for supply chain logistics and intermodal freight movement on the Mediterranean-Rhône-Saône axis (MeRS) transport corridor..

The TradeLens project has been further strengthened by the announcement from ZIM Integrated Shipping that it has signed on as a member of TradeLens..

Indian Coffee goes the blockchain route

Blockchain, a distributed digital ledger technology (DLT) has many uses like powering crypto currencies, helping manufacturers improve their supply chain handling and management, making transactions of healthcare, electricity and financial sectors more transparent..

Today, blockchain has become an important emerging technology in many industries for its promise of transparency and traceability..

Coffee, is a beverage made by percolation, infusion, or decoction from the roasted and ground seeds of a coffee plant.. Although no one knows exactly how or when coffee was discovered, there are many legends about its origin..

So what is the connection between Blockchain and Coffee..??

Marseille Fos port to pilot blockchain project

Many have heralded the prowess of Blockchain, the "immutable" hero of technology in the shipping, freight and logistics space..

Blockchain has already been
  • successfully used by Banks and Shippers to create Trade Finance documents;
  • creative enough to get a Tech company and the World’s largest container line to invest in it ;
  • successfully used by companies to create and transmit smart bills of lading with it ;


Ports and port authorities have also got in on the Blockchain action with the port of Valencia, recently joining the TradeLens project, the technological solution developed by IBM and Maersk to start applying blockchain technology in the global supply chain..

Now it is the turn of the port of Marseille Fos, the largest seaport in France, 5th largest in Europe and 41st in the world..

The New York Supply Chain Meetup

There is a discernible difference between Maritime, Shipping, Freight, Logistics and Supply Chain industries.. All performing various functions, but all connected in the grand scheme of things, keeping the propellers of global trade churning..

In very simple terms, Supply Chain is the whole granddaddy process comprising of all aspects in a product cycle, for example from picking of the fruit at a farm in Point A to delivering the fruit to the shelf at a store in Point B using all of the above-mentioned industries, businesses and services..

By some estimates, inefficiencies in the global supply chain impose overhead costs of between 15% and 20% of global GDP cumulatively - supply chain inefficiencies dampen corporate profits and lower societal well-being..

This presents an opportunity to solve a large and pervasive global problem, and to significantly boost global economic growth and prosperity in the process..

We report on the latest with The New York Supply Chain Meetup who are on their 10th meetup with #TNYSCM10..

When Public blockchain meets Private blockchain

The blockchain technology and its integration with IoT seem to be quickly catching on and the practical uses and benefits of these integrations would be interesting to watch..

Recently two companies announced that they will come together to create a joint platform to service thousands of users in the transportation sector..

One is RoadLaunch, an intuitive, fully integrated and easy-to-use system for freight quoting, dispatch, capacity management, load matching, asset tracking, transparency and instant settlement..

The other is CargoX, a multi-award winning open and independent platform based on blockchain technology highly regarded as the optimal way to transfer information of value in the digital shipping business..

This partnership will integrate CargoX’s Blockchain Document Transaction System technology, powered by the Ethereum Network, with RoadLaunch’s permission-based blockchain platform..

How will this work..??

Mandarin and Blockchain come together for Lunar New Year 2019

Previously we had reviewed how blockchain based smart bills of lading work in general and what smart bills of lading can do..

We also reported on news of shipping lines progressing to the next phase Blockchain initiatives..

Smart bills powered by blockchain seem to have arrived with more and more lines carrying out tests and succeeding in the same..

Pacific International Lines (“PIL”), the company founded by one of the Leaders and Visionaries in Shipping – Mr.Chang Yun Chung, became the latest shipping line to successfully use an electronic Bill of Lading (e-BL) built on the IBM Blockchain Platform for the shipment and tracking of Mandarins (a type of Orange) from China to Singapore to coincide with the Lunar New Year celebrations..

Is blockchain the panacea for the shipping industry..?? Hype vs Reality

Ahhhh, blockchain, to many, it's like entering a parallel universe, evoking images of a world where all processes are in blocks, every block talking to the other, every block working seamlessly at the touch of a button, the equivalent of a human world where the roads are flowing with milk and honey..

There are proponents and opponents to this technology in equal measure, with the proponents fuelling a hype relating to the blockchain technology's application in shipping, freight and logistics, in the media in the recent past..

We caught up with John Monarch, CEO of ShipChain in an effort to understand what the blockchain can and cannot do in the shipping and freight industry and to help us separate hype from reality..

HSBC leads the way in forex transactions using blockchain

Previously we shared an article about India’s first blockchain enabled Letter of Credit and also the First blockchain enabled trade finance transaction.. Both of these activities were carried out by HSBC..

HSBC seems to be leading the way in terms of blockchain-based tools to handle financial processes relating to foreign-exchange trades..

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