The Incoterms® rules are a globally-recognised set of standards, used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for trade transactions..
Following its introduction in Incoterms® in 1936, these international commercial trade terms were revised in 1957, 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010 and most recently in 2019 (Incoterms® 2020) to accommodate changes as global trade developed and evolved..
As per the International Chamber of Commerce, the recently released Incoterms® 2020 rules seeks to “offer a simpler and clearer presentation of all the rules, featuring revised language, an expanded introduction, explanatory notes, and articles reordered to better reflect the logic of a sale transaction“ and traders are encouraged to use the latest version..
A question that has come up in terms of Incoterms® is whether “a shipment can have multiple Incoterms rules”..
In any trade transaction, there are two parties – the buyer and the seller.. When it comes to a sea freight shipment, either one or both of them may end up paying different sets of charges to different entities..
Not just for newcomers to the business of exporting and importing, this question sometimes perplexes many already in the business..
In this article I dissect this process to explain who pays what charges in sea freight shipment..
So who pays what charges in a sea freight shipment..??
Ever since its introduction in 1936, Incoterms® has been a paradox to many many buyers, sellers, traders, freight forwarders, shipping lines and other service providers involved in the business of global trade..
There are several consequences of using the incorrect Incoterms® and users need to fully comprehend what it means when they put a three letter Incoterms® rule into their sales contract..
if you are struggling to learn and understand the rules and how to apply them, don’t worry, help is at hand..
ICC Academy, the educational arm of the ICC has created a new online training course – the Incoterms® 2020 Certificate which is designed to help users both experienced and inexperienced, a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of the rules, avoid mistakes and save costs.. This course is the world’s only ICC-endorsed online training on the Incoterms® 2020 rules..
No other online training on the new rules can offer the same level of expertise and this course can be purchased online here..
So do yourself a favour and take this highly recommended course which will greatly enhance your knowledge on this crucial trade related subject..
Even though there are distinct differences between demurrage, detention and port charges, many are still oblivious to these differences and there have been several questions on this blog relating to these charges..
Let me explain how demurrage, detention and port charges work..
For the past 80 years, Incoterms® has been the cornerstone of commercial trade globally setting the basis for robust trade negotiations which involves directly or indirectly, sellers, buyers, shipping lines, truckers, forwarders, clearing agents, chambers of commerce, legal firms, courts, etc etc.. Read its history here..
Is there a link between the demurrage charged by the shipping line and Incoterms®..??
This question was prompted by the below question from one of the readers.. Thank you Rizwan..
We have received huge shipment from our suppliers on CFR basis
In the Bill of lading the Consignee is To The order of Seller and our company name is in Notify party.
The seller has sent us the original Bill of lading 20 days after the vessel has arrived at destination port.
Hence there is a delay in clearing the goods. Can the shipping line claim demurrage charges from us or they should put claim on seller /shipper since the shipping line contract is with the seller and not us