If you are in the business of international trade you would have no doubt heard about a Certificate of Origin.. But not everyone is familiar with what is a certificate of origin, why it is required, who issues it etc.. This article aims to clarify these points..
A Trade agreement is a contractual arrangement between countries concerning their trade relationships and how they conduct trade with each other..
Customs department in the importing country may require a “proof of origin” in order to determine whether or not the cargo that is imported may be subjected to trade measures such as the preferential duty tariff (for stuff that is imported from with the PTA bloc), free trade deals, prohibited goods etc..
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) has launched some digital initiatives aimed at creating a collaborative cross-industry effort to enable the standardisation of digital trade..
The first one called The ICC Digital Trade Standards Initiative (DSI), will build on work done by various like minded initiatives, many of which aim to digitise trade, notably through the development of open trade and technology standards to promote interoperability.
In the other initiative, the ICC is partnering with various government, business and other stakeholders to create digital solutions that will advance economic prosperity for all.
In line with its Declaration for the Next Century of Global Business, the ICC is committed to maximising the benefits of the digital economy through establishing key partnerships to unify, simplify, and transform trade processes for all.
Incoterms 2020, the 9th version of the Incoterms® rules has been in the making for a while now.. Following its introduction in Incoterms® in 1936, these international commercial (Inco) trade terms were revised in 1957, 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 to accommodate changes as global trade developed and evolved..
The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) chose its centenary year 2019, to launch the 9th version of the Incoterms®, the Incoterms® 2020..
The Incoterms® rules were developed by the International Chamber of Commerce to facilitate international trade and for the interpretation of the trade terms that the parties to a contract of sale could agree to apply..
Incoterms® were first introduced in 1936 and were revised in 1957, 1967, 1976, 1980, 1990, 2000 and 2010 to accommodate changes as global trade developed and evolved..
Currently, in its 8th version (Incoterms® 2010), the Incoterms® rules have become an internationally recognized and accepted standard and are used worldwide in international and domestic contracts for the sale of goods and have become an essential part of the day-to-day international trade and domestic trade..
The ICC which is celebrating its centenary year recently announced the release date for the latest version of these rules which is the Incoterms® 2020..
The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) estimates from its work in verifying Bills of Lading that over 95% of all improperly issued Bills of Lading are issued by – yeah you guessed it – Non-Vessel Owning Common Carriers (NVOCCs)..
The IMB identifed that there is a prevalence of issuance of incorrect NVOCC bills of lading by the NVOCC which is then presented to banks and other stakeholders in the trading and finance chain, with the aim of defrauding the trade finance system, possibly for the purposes of multiple financing, money laundering, etc..
The IMB has developed a business solution to mitigate the effects of this problem..
For the past 80 years, Incoterms® has been the cornerstone of commercial trade globally setting the basis for robust trade negotiations which involves directly or indirectly, sellers, buyers, shipping lines, truckers, forwarders, clearing agents, chambers of commerce, legal firms, courts, etc etc.. Read its history here..