Global trade volume in 2019 was 11.08 billion tons amounting to around $19 trillion in value.. Seaborne trade accounts for around 90% of global trade..
Development of international maritime trade by cargo type over the years has shown an impressive growth especially for the containerised sector increasing from an index value of 100 in 1990 to over 750 in 2019..
Currently, various cargoes are transported in 24 million+ containers around the world on over 6,218 container vessels..
As you can imagine this leads to a lot of documentation especially with Customs authorities around the world.. When we speak of Customs authorities around the world, you can also imagine the different rules and regulations each country has for the import and export of cargo to/from their country..
In June 2005, the World Customs Organization (WCO) adopted the SAFE Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade which became a unique international instrument to create modern supply chain security standards and heralded the beginning of a new approach to the end-to-end management of goods moving across borders while recognizing the significance of a closer partnership between Customs and business..
This Framework was updated in 2018 with a new version which augments the objectives of the SAFE Framework with respect to strengthening co-operation between and among Customs administrations, through the exchange of information, mutual recognition of controls, mutual recognition of AEOs, and mutual administrative assistance..
The 2018 version also called for enhanced cooperation between government agencies entrusted with regulatory authorities over certain goods like weapons, hazardous materials and passengers, as well as entities responsible for postal issues..
The updated SAFE Framework offered new opportunities for Customs, relevant government agencies and economic operators to work towards a common goal of enhancing supply chain security and efficiency, based on mutual trust and transparency..
In line with the SAFE Framework, the WCO implemented electronic Advance Cargo Information (ACI) which are essentially data sets providing information to identify high-risk cargo prior to loading and/or arrival on any trade lane between WCO Members..
This ACI, combined with the use of appropriate Customs risk management systems, allows Customs administrations to protect their territory and supply chains from security threats..
ACI also allows WCO Members additional time to scrutinise consignments prior to their arrival in a territory and take appropriate steps..
The Implementation guideline by WCO says, “ACI allows Customs administrations to mitigate security risks prior to loading, or prior to arrival (dependent on the mode and procedure applied) of cargo into a territory. Through the appropriate application of risk management on ACI, Customs is able to separate cargo shipments into different categories and match resources to those minority shipments that require the maximum intervention, whilst facilitating the clearance of low risk consignments.”
A harmonized and standardized approach is a win-win for all parties and support smarter border controls resulting in reductions in redundant inspections, storage and time delay related costs..
The flow of the ACI is as below :
Egypt goes Digital
In April, the Government of Egypt implemented the ACI regulations through Decree No.38-2021 based on which the ACID or Advance Cargo Information Declaration is being made mandatory for all cargo destined to Egypt..
As per these regulations, as of April 2021, the Importer in Egypt has to advise ACID number on booking level to be mentioned on all shipping documents which follows there along with identification numbers (TAX ID) of all parties on the BL and 10-digit HS code..
The ACID number is a 19 character number consisting of letters and numbers with a validity of 3 months from the registration date and each shipment with its own number per bill of lading..
If the declared information does not match with what has been stated from the receiver to the Customs, the goods in subject will not be discharged at any port in Egypt and the cargo will be retained on board the ship for return to the Port of Loading..
Advance Cargo Information will become mandatory in Egypt as from the 1st of July 2021..
For further information about ACI in Egypt you can refer to this useful guide from Nafeza..
Does your country have this ACI requirement and if so at what stage is its implementation..??