The global reefer cargo market is estimated to be valued at USD 15.5 billion and is projected to reach USD 21.6 billion by 2025 which is a CAGR of 5.8% from 2019 to 2025 as per research reports..
This growth may be attributed to the increasing trade in perishable commodities at a global level..
This growth is also aided by technological advancements in reefer containers which assists in easing operations and providing customers with tools to improve visibility..
The main share of reefer containers are currently in 40′ High Cube Reefers which has seemingly become the industry standard for the shipment of various perishable cargo around the world and all major carriers in the world are investing heavily in reefers..
As you may be aware, reefer containers are equipped with cooling units for controlling the temperature inside the container for the carriage of perishable goods including frozen or chilled food items and this transportation is done by sea, rail and road..
A major factor driving the growth of the reefer container market is the emergence of real-time tracking technology which allows the customer to login on a phone or computer and track the movement of the container, what is happening inside the container, and record and monitor the status of the container through the use of various technologies including IoT..
Digital Container Shipping Association (DCSA) which is a neutral, non-profit group established to further digitalisation of container shipping technology standards, in conjunction with its nine member carriers – MSC, Maersk, CMA CGM, Hapag-Lloyd, ONE, Evergreen, Yang Ming, HMM and ZIM has released IoT standards for remote Reefer container monitoring on board vessels..
Below is the press release covering this development..
Proper monitoring and handling of Reefer containers is vital to maintain the quality of perishable goods during a journey.
Reefer containers are embedded with an array of sensors connected to the Reefer controller units, which grant access to all necessary control settings to ensure both the container and its perishable cargo can be monitored and managed.
Vessel crew must physically check the Reefer controller units multiple times during a voyage to ensure Reefers are working properly and take corrective action if needed. This is a time-consuming, repetitive and physical task that is subject to human error.
DCSA has published the second release of its IoT standards initiative: DCSA IoT Data Standard for Remote Reefer Container Monitoring on Board a Vessel 1.0.
Developed in conjunction with member carriers, the DCSA standard defines a minimum set of data elements to be shared with the vessel crew to enable remote monitoring of smart Reefer containers on board a vessel.
The remote monitoring is feasible via IoT container devices that are able to collect data from the reefer controller units, process it and send these data elements to local servers and applications on board a vessel via the gateways on board a vessel.
The DCSA standard is an important building block for interoperability and collaboration between the stakeholders.
Through this standard, DCSA creates the basis to enable reefer container IoT devices to send specified reefer container data over the local network to the onboard server and applications.
This allows vessel crew to monitor status information and alarms remotely. Automation of the Reefer container monitoring process will be more efficient and less prone to human error, which will streamline operations on board the vessel.
The vessel crew can be relieved from considerable manual workload and focus on managing exceptions.
The standards can be downloaded for free from the DCSA web site.